As Indonesians, we should be proud of the abundance of biological resources spread across the country. Indonesia is one of the countries with the largest exports of coffee beans in the world. Coffee beans in Indonesia are widely distributed across the country. You must know that Indonesia is blessed with some of the best coffee around.

Indonesian coffee beans are the third largest coffee beans in the world in terms of exports. This was due to a government initiative in the 1980s, as the economy was in decline at the time. Due to the decline in oil exports, it eventually tried to export biological resources, such as coffee, tea, tobacco, and various other materials.

Variety of coffee beans in Indonesia

Some of the provinces in Indonesia that produce the best coffee in the world are Bali, Sumatra, Java, Sulawesi and Papua. The flavor of coffee produced by each region is different. Indonesian Coffee Beans are rich in flavor, just the right amount of acidity, and leave an aftertaste that doesn’t go away easily.

The good taste quality of Indonesian coffee has caused people around the world to seek out and enjoy coffee. However, some people are not used to the flavor of Indonesian coffee, as it is too intense. But it’s just a matter of getting used to the aroma and taste of Indonesian Coffee.

To grow coffee beans native to Indonesia requires a large area. In the area, approximately one thousand to two thousand coffee trees are planted per hectare. There are trees that lack sunlight in the growth process. However, the roots of the coffee tree always provide nutrients until the coffee cherries are ripe and ready to be harvested.

Sumatra Coffee

Sumatra is one of the world’s best and most sought-after coffee producers. Some of them are Mandheling, Ankola, and Lintong. Sumatran coffee is known for its distinctive flavors and aromas, such as low acidity, yet “lively” to the taste. One of the most popular coffees is Mandheling.

Mandheling coffee is produced through a dry fermentation process. This fermentation is done by wetting the coffee cherries with hot water. This is done to get consistent results and be able to help produce good flavor and aroma from Mandheling coffee beans.

Mandheling coffee beans are named after the tribe that occupies the area where the trees are planted, the Mandailing Tribe. This coffee is one of the best coffees in the world, and grows at an altitude of approximately 900 to 1400 meters above sea level (masl), near the western Indonesian city of Padang.

The body of Mandheling coffee is the same as premium coffee in general, the flavor is really sweet, with a low level of acidity. The intense and complex flavor, chocolatey and slightly bitter, makes this coffee special for coffee connoisseurs.

Sumatra Lintong Coffee

There are several variations of Sumatran coffee spread apart from Mandheling coffee, namely Lintong coffee. Lintong coffee is located in the northern part of Sumatra, the Lintong area. With such close proximity, Lintong coffee has a flavor that is not much different from Mandheling coffee.

The aroma and flavor produced by Lintong coffee is more or less the same as Mandheling coffee, low in acidity, has a medium body, and has a lively aroma. For those of you who love Sumatran coffee, maybe you should try Lintong coffee, at least once in your life.

Java Arabica Coffee

Arabica originates from the most populated island in Indonesia, Java Arabica. This coffee is widely grown near the Ijen mountain range, many also call this Javanese coffee Ijen coffee.

Java Arabica coffee has a fairly “heavy” body texture, when compared to some coffees in the world. However, when compared to other Indonesian coffees, Javanese coffee is lighter. Java coffee has slightly sour notes with a dominant “herbs” flavor, leaving a long aftertaste.

Compared to other Indonesian coffees, Arabica Java coffee has a longer after taste. The herbs notes of this Javanese Coffee will leave an aftertaste that can almost be described as spice, but it doesn’t come across as annoying, and also produces a moderately sweet flavor.

Sulawesi Coffee

One Sulawesi coffee that is quite famous among coffee lovers is Toraja coffee, which is grown and processed properly to produce the best quality. The aroma and flavor produced by Toraja coffee is a balanced sweetness with flavors of ripe fruits, and there is a slight hint of chocolate.

On average, Sulawesi coffee is less acidic, but when compared to Sumatran coffee, it is more acidic, but has a lighter body texture. Sulawesi coffee has an intense flavor compared to Javanese coffee.

Sulawesi coffee is grown in the highest area of the island, in an area called Celebes. Celebes is a regional name that has existed since the Dutch colonial era, so it is not uncommon for many to recognize this Sulawesi coffee as Celebes coffee.

The post-harvest processing process applied to Sulawesi coffee is the “Wet Hulled” process. This process produces coffee beans with no skin, ready for roasting. The drawback of this process is that it results in uneven roasting, thus affecting the flavor quality of the coffee itself.

Bali Coffee

In addition to having many tourist attractions, Bali is also known to have several areas that produce good quality coffee. Some of these areas are Pupuan, Banyuatis, and Kintamani.

According to bibliographic sources, coffee cultivation on Bali Island started two centuries ago in the 1800s. This history is listed in a book entitled Verslag over de Koffiecultuur in America, Azie en Afrika by KF. van Delden Laerne (1885). As time goes by, Balinese coffee is now starting to be recognized by the public and tourists in Bali.

For the former, the type of coffee produced in the Pupuan area of Tabanan Regency and the Banyuatis area of Buleleng Regency is Robusta coffee. However, the way Robusta coffee beans from the two regions are processed is very different. Robusta coffee roasting in Pupuan still uses the simple method of using firewood. Banyuatis uses a mix of traditional and modern coffee bean processing methods.

The next type of coffee produced from the Kintamani area is Arabica coffee. The character that makes it different from other coffee products is its fresh sour taste likecitrus. Kintamani coffee is also unique in that it is grown using the Subak Irrigation System. Subak is an irrigation system for rice fields and plantations that has existed for generations of Balinese people.

Flores Coffee

Flores coffee comes from the highlands of Ngada district, Flores, East Nusa Tenggara (NTT). Flores has two types of coffee, Manggarai and Bajawa. Coffee plantations in the Ngada highlands reach 1,000 to 1,550 meters above sea level. With a climate and rainfall of about 2,500 mm per year, June to October are the driest months.

Arabica coffee from Flores is the largest contributor to coffee exports for Indonesia. That’s why Flores Arabica coffee is offered at a fairly high price compared to other regional coffees. Some of the countries to which this coffee is exported are America, Europe and so on.

Flores coffee is easy to grow and can be produced quickly. Even the production age of this coffee reaches 20 years. The capacity of each production is 4 – 5 kilograms per tree. With this high production, Arabica coffee from Flores is able to penetrate the international market.

The entire process of growing Flores coffee is done through an organic process. So that the quality can be guaranteed and the taste of this coffee becomes stronger and more fragrant. At harvest time, Flores coffee will have a grayish-green color and the post-harvest process is usually processed wet or ground dry.

The characteristics of Flores coffee have more of a sweet sensation. The acidity is balanced or medium, and there are flavors of caramel, chocolate, hazelnuts, and nuts. macadamia. Uniquely, Flores coffee also has herbal flavors in it and a full body. With the characteristics possessed by Flores coffee, the number of enthusiasts is also increasing.

Papua Coffee

The abundant wealth in the land of Papua is an open secret in Indonesia. Starting from mining goods, marine products, panoramic beauty, to plantations that produce delicious coffee beans. There are three largest coffee-producing regions in Papua, namely Amungme coffee, Wamena coffee, and Bintang Mountains coffee.

Amungme coffee itself is named after the tribe that manages it, the Amungme Tribe. Amungme coffee is cultivated on the slopes of Mount Jayawijaya, which is above 1,200-2,000 meters above sea level. Amungme coffee has a slightly sour taste, has a distinctive sweet aroma, and has a mocha aftertaste.

The type cultivated in Wamena, Papua, is arabica, which is ideally grown at an altitude of 1,000 meters above sea level. In general, the higher the soil on which the coffee plant grows, the better the quality of the fruit.

Wamena papua coffee is known for its balanced and smooth flavor. The aroma is quite fragrant with chocolate and floral nuances, medium body, medium sweetness, and low acidity. In addition, this type also produces flavor notes that tend to be earthy with herbal sensations and a smokey aftertaste.

Arabica coffee in Pegunungan Bintang is grown organically and the beans are harvested manually. The harvest is also processed manually with human hands instead of machines. Pegunungan Bintang coffee has a distinctive flavor of citrus, berry, orange, fruity, sweet chocolate, sugar cane and peach.


Here are some Indonesian Coffees that you can enjoy, each of them has its own unique advantages and disadvantages. Perhaps the shortcomings of the coffee make it a characteristic that you can tweak to find a unique flavor, and become the best coffee you’ve ever tasted.

If you are a coffee producer from various regions, do not hesitate to open a shop on the KopiKita platform, so that coffee lovers from all over Indonesia can taste your coffee production. Apply for a business on the KopiKita platformnow by filling out the the following form .

Are you a coffee lover? It’s time to visit the KopiKita platform to find coffee from various regions in Indonesia at the best price.k.