Kopi Luwak is a type of coffee produced from coffee beans processed by Luwak or Civet animals. The process of making this coffee begins with Luwak swallowing raw coffee grains, then the grains come back out in the form of feces or feces which are then cleaned and processed into coffee grains that are ready to be used as drinks.
The history of Kopi Luwak is also an interesting story. Moreover, Kopi Luwak has become a worldwide phenomenon. The history of Kopi Luwak is recorded to have first appeared in Java in the 18th century.
The Dutch developed coffee plantations and production in Java. At that time, coffee was quite popular in the world market, so Europeans often called a cup of coffee the “Cup of Java“.
At that time, coffee was one of the most important commodities for the survival of the Javanese people. However, the coffee trading system in Java is still limited and difficult to access by the public. Therefore, Javanese people who did not have access to this trading system had to find other ways to obtain coffee.
History of civet coffee
One of the ways that Javanese people do this is by relying on Luwak. Luwak is an animal that is very fond of raw coffee grains, so Javanese people rely on the animal to collect coffee grains found in coffee plantations.
After the Luwak swallows and releases the coffee beans, the Javanese then take the Luwak’s feces containing the coffee grains, then clean and process them into coffee grains ready to be used as a drink.
In the beginning, Kopi Luwak was only considered a simple beverage and was not of much interest to the market. However, over time, Kopi Luwak began to be recognized as a type of coffee that has a unique and distinctive taste.
The unique flavor is due to the fermentation process of the coffee beans while inside the Luwak’s stomach, which makes it release a distinctive and more delicious flavor.
After becoming famous in Java, Kopi Luwak began to be recognized worldwide in the 1990s. At the time, Kopi Luwak was considered to be one of the best types of coffee available, making it very expensive. The high price of Kopi Luwak is due to its limited quantity and complicated manufacturing process.
Not only Kopi Luwak, there is also another type of coffee that is processed through the fermentation process of animal digestion, namely Black Ivory Coffe. The Thai coffee comes from the feces of elephants that consume coffee grains. Whether it’s Kopi Luwak or Gajah, both have a distinctive flavor. Both are also among the most expensive types of coffee in the world.
Civet coffee problems
However, in the midst of its popularity, Kopi Luwak has also experienced some controversy. First, the ethical issues relate to the way in which the mongoose is reared to produce Kopi Luwak. Some claim that the civets used for Kopi Luwak production are often held in unhealthy and unfit conditions.
Second, the issue of product quality. Some claim that many Kopi Luwak sold in the market are not authentic and do not use coffee grains processed by Luwak.
Despite this, Kopi Luwak remains one of the most sought-after types of coffee by many people around the world, mainly because of its unique and distinctive flavor that no other type of coffee has.
To this day, Kopi Luwak continues to be processed and sold around the world, despite its high price tag.
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